Figure 8. For example, the portion of the cortex that processes sensory information from the hand is adjacent to the portion that processes information from the wrist. The objective of this article is to give you an introduction about the brain parts and their functions rather than a detailed review of the research that has been done on the brain. This is the largest part of the brain stem. The cerebrum controls voluntary movement, speech, intelligence, memory, emotion, and sensory processing. The brain stem, which consists of the medulla (an enlarged portion of the upper spinal cord), pons and midbrain (lower animals have only a medulla). The human brain is a complex organ that holds the most importance in the entire human body. Play this game to review Human Anatomy. The brain can be divided into the cerebrum, brainstem, and cerebellum: Cerebrum. It’s the brain … Occipital Lobe Located at the back of the cerebral cortex. The limbic system is a group of interconnected structures located deep within the brain. The midbrain helps control eye movement and processes visual and auditory information. Damage to either Broca’s area or Wernicke’s area can result in language deficits. 1.2 The input of information to the brain is in the form of patterns All information that the brain receives, arrives as combinations of activity in the neural axons that are projected to the brain, that is, as patterns of neural activity. The retinae respond to various wavelengths of light from the world around us. The prefrontal cortex is part of the frontal lobe and coordinates immediate facts. It’s located below the midbrain. The largest part of the brain, the cerebrum has two hemispheres (or halves). It stores information for about a minute and can hold about seven items, such as a sentence just read or a phone number to remember. The CNS consists of the brain and spinal cord. Jung & Haier, 2007. What are the different parts of the brain? The temporal lobe, also part of the cerebral cortex, processes sights to help form long-term memory. The brain is an important organ that controls thought, memory, emotion, touch, motor skills, vision, breathing, temperature, hunger, and every process that regulates our body. For example, the primary visual cortex, the palm sized area at the lower rear part of the It’s the part of the brain that’s responsible for behavioral and emotional responses. The white arrow refers to the arcuate fasciculus, a bundle of nerve fibers connecting parts of the brain, notably Wernicke's and Broca's areas. The reflective system is better for significant and important decisions; these generally should not be rushed. But that’s just the first part of the process. Pons. 3. The brain processes information to make decisions using one of two systems: either the logical, rational (reflective) system or the quick, reactive system. 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