Lettuce Varieties: Bibb, Black Seeded Simpson, Buttercrunch, Butterhead, Cos, Crisphead, Green Leaf, Head, Iceberg, Leaf, Looseleaf, Mesclun Greens, Oakleaf, Parris Island, Red Leaf, Red Salad Bowl, Romaine. How to grow lettuce in a pot Choose a pot at least 200mm and position in full sun. If you want to grow hydroponic lettuce, pick a lettuce variety and a water culture system for your setup, such as NFT or Ebb and Flow. Place it in a colander and rinse then drip dry. Put the sowing in a cool space, this will help the seeds grow faster. Learning to save seeds is easy and fun with these books. You can also lightly broadcast seed (particularly of looseleaf varieties) in a patch instead of a row. In case of cabbage looper and aphids, use botanical pesticides or soap solution. Getting a good iceberg lettuce with good head formation starts with a variety first for the specific climate it is planted in, after that you need to understand the general agronomy of the plant. You can start your lettuce seeds in store-bought seed trays or make your own out of an old egg carton, box or newspaper. Living here in the Philippines for 14 years, I’ve seen so many changes now compared to when we first arrived. Lettuce grows best in full sun, though excessive heat can cause plants to bolt to seed, or leaves to wilt. ‘Nymans’ AGM:A Cos lettuce with deep read outer leaves and a rich green heart. Growing lettuce (Lactuca sativa) is an easy and inexpensive way to put fresh gourmet salad greens on the table.As a cool-season crop, lettuce grows well with the cool, moist weather available in spring and fall. See all of our brand-new seed pack offerings in our store. Lettuce is … Leaf color and texture vary with variety. Growing Lettuce From Seed Direct seeding is the easiest way to grow lettuce. Just watch people buying lettuce, they always feel the compactness of the heads first and then look at the size. For more information, visit the Lettuce page in our How to Grow section. It requires a long growing season without severe freezes and bolts quickly and becomes bitter in warmer weather. Mature plants aren't as tolerant of freezing as seedlings. Locate plants where they will be partially shaded by taller nearby plants, latticework or other screen. Rinse by holding head cored-end under running tap water allowing water to run all through the head to refresh it. Become an Affiliate| Private Label Seeds | Contact Us. Good head forms when young leaves are trapped under the covering outer leaves. Before you harvest, consider which varieties you might want to save seeds from so that your harvesting practice includes plants chosen for seed saving. Prepare seed trays. Always have at least 3-5 varieties available for planting throughout the year. The nutritional value of vegetables is easily answered by the popular media, just slam a, How to get good iceberg lettuce head development, The effect of low intensity radiation on flowering. This is where the inner young leaves develop and push against the outer “cover” leaves to form a lettuce head. Bacterial rot can be minimized by sanitation. Compactness first then size. What I learned from 1987 I tried to compile in this website and I hope it is from some value to the serious commercial farmer that wants to take the journey into Commercial Hydroponic Farming. Sow seed 1/8 inch deep, 1 inch apart in rows 12 to 18 inches apart. Initially the leaves grow relative horizontally in a rosette formation. Small garden in our frontyard. Otherwise, growing it takes most of the usual lettuce-growing tricks for midwestern climate - partial shade, lots and lots of water, nitrogen fertilizer, and, just for Iceberg, extra space. Many varieties of lettuce can be harvested as microgreens, baby greens, leaves, or entire plant. Iceberg was first cultivated in the Salinas Valley of California, then packed in ice and distributed across the US on trains, earning its namesake. Lettuce are sensitive to climate, especially warm weather, so keep on testing every year. Rubbing separates the plumes and chaff from the seeds. Don't plant the lettuce during the early winter or summer, or it will struggle to grow because of the extreme temperatures. They were used to remove toxic metals to produce clean water (which we sold and make more money of than the produce). Watering the bed when the top inch of soil feels dry is usually sufficient. Lettuce From a Flower Pot. Bacterial rot can be minimized by sanitation. Plant them in individual pots. Make succession plantings every week or two, and grow several varieties with different maturity dates for a continuous supply. If you don't know when the last expected spring frost is in your area, look it up online. 'Mature leaves' can be harvested from all type of lettuce except for iceberg any time in the growing cycle, until a central stem begins to form. Feeding the plant with fish emulsion and household compost once in a week, will also promote the growth of the plant. Many farmers in the Benguet towns of La Trinidad, Tublay, Atok, Bokod, Kabayan, Buguias, Bakun, and Mankayan along the 150-kilometer Halsema Highway—also known as the “Mountain Trail” as it connects Baguio City to Sagada, Mountain Province—produce lettuce. The only way around these climatic conditions are heat resistant varieties and a lot of testing every year. If growing in summer, select a partially shaded location, or one that receives primarily eastward exposure to mitigate the potentially damaging effects of excessive heat upon lettuce. Gently ease the seedling out of its container. in 1998. . Turn the lettuce head over and let the water run out. Inspire. Place your lettuce plant near a sunny window or a fluorescent grow light. The problem with the popular iceberg (head) lettuce is that when the first head appears, the remainder is not far behind. Space other varieties 6 to 10 inches apart in rows 12 to 18 inches apart. It is the leaf shape that is important with good head formation, rather that the speed of leaf formation. That means you need to plant your crop when it’s still quite chillyin the spring and/or in the fall, after the heat of summer has dissipated. Harvesting and Post harvest. The top lettuce-producing province in the country is Benguet in Northern Luzon’s Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR). ‘Set’ AGM:A crisphead lettuce, this is easy to grow and produces large, solid hearts with crisp green leaves. As the season progresses, plant more bolt-resistant varieties. Agriculture and Agribusiness opportunities for the Overseas Filipino Worker (OFW) and their families. This indicates the plant is preparing to bolt to seed, and greens collected from such plants are often too bitter for consumption. Home > Guides > Vegetables > Lettuce > Iceberg Lettuce, Binomial Name: Lactuca sativa Use row covers to protect very early plantings from cold, to protect young plants from insects, and (supported by hoops) to shade crops when warm weather arrives. … Winnowing is difficult because seeds and chaff are about the same size and weight. The effect of high intensity radiation on plant growth in greenhouses. ‘Tom Thumb’:A small butterhead lettuce perfect for growing in small spaces. Moisten the medium in preparation for sowing the seeds. Variable expenses typically include pots, plugs, seed, substrate, labels, chemicals, etc. In the Philippines lettuce is considered as one of the most important salad crops. Please read our Privacy Policy. Harden seedlings by reducing water and temperature for 3 days before transplanting. Sensitive to low pH. In cooler climates, the lettuce growing season can also be extended year-round using an indoor hydroponic system. Put the seed through a fine mesh sieve that allows the seeds through but retains the chaff and plumes; this will give relatively clean seed. Romaine and Butterhead lettuce can be harvested in about 60 to 70 days from planting. Keep soil moist to keep plants growing continuously. Lettuce has few significant pests and diseases. It’s funny that big strapping pumpkins and acorn squash are fragile little babiesand something as delicate as lettuce is considered hardy. Each hole can get a handful of compost in the bottom as fertilizer. Cut off the end of the lettuce stalk. At that time I hardly see different kinds of veggies that’s really good to make a salad. If harvesting frosted or frozen lettuce, allow leaves to thaw out before picking. The effect of radiation on growth and yield, Planting density of various vegetable crops in…, Formulating a hydroponic nutrient solution –…, What type of crops are suitable for hydroponics, How to adjust the pH in hydroponic nutrient solutions, What is the difference between LDPE and HDPE…, Lettuce deficiency and toxicity symptoms of macro…. Some other general guidelines when collecting the entire plant: Leaf lettuce can be cut as soon as it is large enough to use, usually in 50 to 60 days from planting. The Three Sisters Garden was the first example of companion planting in Native American culture. There were no large tractors involved, no dusty fields, no uncontrollable storms to destroy your crop (well that is what I thought). Lettuce is tolerant of a wide range of soils, but prefers well-drained, cool, loose soil with plentiful moisture and pH 6.2 to 6.8. Heirloom seeds are the gardeners choice for seed-saving from year-to-year. You can find this variety in the following Seed Packs: Click the packs below to see some of our other wonderful products. The Super Food Garden is the most nutrient dense garden you can build and everything you need is right here in one pack. For an early start, seeds can be started in flats 4 weeks prior to the last frost and transplanted outdoors in mid to late spring. This way, the lettuce reaches Metro Manila relatively fresh, compared to the loose-leaf and semiheading lettuces that need to be transported in refrigerated vans. Watering lettuce regularly is very important. For large-scale planting, sort the heads in the field and pack immediately in perforated carton boxes. Fertilizing can be helpful to promote faster growth, especially a fish emulsion type that is not high in nitrogen that can cause greens to become bitter. It is … If you're in a climate with very little sun, purchase a grow light from a plant nursery and position it about 12 inches (30 cm) overhead. Fill the seed trays to within 1⁄2 inch (1.3 cm) of the top with a soilless growing medium. Loosen up the roots with your hands to avoid compaction and plant it. Microgreens are usually harvested within 2 weeks after germination by cut entire plant just above the ground, once it is around 3-4" tall. It is also called the length:width ratio and is influenced by environmental conditions under which the plant is growing. For fall crops, time maturity around time of first expected frost. The iceberg lettuce head is the convergence of all the leaves over the growth point (see image) of the plant during the season. Harvest loose-leaf lettuce as needed, preferably before bolting. Remove core and any wilted outer leaves. Harvesting and Post harvest. Guys pasensya na ha baguhan lang po sa pag edit at medyo rush! Grow lettuce seedlings outside of the water culture system, and once they are around 2 inches tall, transplant them into a net pot and place the pot in the reservoir. Factors influencing head development are: It is crucial to grow a variety where leaf width grows faster than leaf length. Moisture, stress, and high temperatures, particularly at night, encourage bolting. 02-437-6606 to 08, 02-911-0836 and 02-911-0159. When it is dry place it in a plastic bag in the refrigerator or wrap in paper towels and place in a bowl in the refrigerator. Entire plants can be harvested in mid-development while the leaves are still plump and tender, but before a stem has started to form. Hardened plants should survive 20 F. Space crisphead transplants 12 inches apart in rows 18 inches apart.