The U.S. In 1996, Papua New Guinea had the highest per capita HIV prevalence in the North and South Pacific regions. Access to mental health care is limited, and many people with psychosocial disabilities and their families often consider traditional healers to be the only option. In May, in the Southern Highlands, one woman was killed and another two seriously injured after a mob attacked the women following accusations they had used sorcery to kill a man. These nine facts about water quality in New Guinea reveal a serious issue that extends beyond just access to water. Bilateral Representation. Soil erosion - the removal of soil by the action of water or wind, compounded by poor agricultural practices, deforestation, overgrazing, and desertification. National Issues & Scandals. Police and prosecutors rarely pursued investigations or criminal charges against people who commit family violence—even in cases of attempted murder, serious injury, or repeated rape—and instead prefer to resolve such cases through mediation and/or payment of compensation. Papua New Guinea recorded a Current Account surplus of 4380 PGK Million in the second quarter of 2020. A foreign tax credit may be available to offset foreign tax paid against PNG tax payable (see the Foreign tax relief and tax treaties section). As a result, the Papua New Guinea Defence Force (PNGDF) has set up patrols along PNG's western border to prevent infiltration by the OPM. Many asylum seekers and refugees suffer complex health problems including mental health conditions that have been exacerbated by long periods in detention and uncertainty about their futures. HIV prevalence was 0.2 per 100 adults. Australian government aid to PNG for the year 2018-19 is A$572 million (approximately US$411.3 million). The World Bank’s Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) show little overall improvement in governance in Papua New Guinea in the period between 1998 and 2014. Following a 2016 PNG Supreme Court decision that detaining asylum seekers is unconstitutional, in November 2017, the Australian and PNG government closed the main center on Manus and relocated refugees and asylum seekers to other accommodation facilities on the island. While there are many issues, the government of Papua New Guinea is making every effort to combat poverty. There is also a severe lack of services for people requiring assistance after having suffered family violence, such as safe houses, qualified counselors, case management, financial support, or legal aid. Refugees and asylum seekers do not feel safe on Manus due to a spate of violent attacks by locals in the town of Lorengau and ongoing disputes with the local community. Treatment of flow-thru business entities. A partnership is required to submit a return of income to the IRC. Papua New Guinea (PNG) is richly endowed with natural resources, but exploitation has been hampered by rugged terrain, land tenure issues, and the high cost of developing infrastructure. In April, media reported that anti-corruption police are investigating the Governor of Port Moresby Powes Parkop, after a former official revealed the city council was paying A$1.2 million (approximately US$870,000) a year to a yoga and health company run by his alleged partner. Private sector development. Papua New Guinea’s top two bankers – Loi Bakani, Governor of the Bank of Papua New Guinea and Robin Fleming, Chief Executive of Bank South Pacific – have set the record straight on the country's foreign exchange challenges. The largest nation in the Pacific, PNG is classified as a low middle-income country. Papua New Guinea has been gripped by political turmoil for almost a week now. More than 200 children in Papua New Guinea die of diarrhea each year due to lack of sanitation and … 2. Click here for collectible banknotes! The word papua is derived from an old local term of uncertain origin. " Formerly the Netherlands New Guinea, Papua was retained by the Dutch after Indonesian independence in 1945 but the province was annexed by Jakarta in 1963. By 2050 PNG’s population is likely to be around 30 million people. Abortion remains illegal in PNG, except in cases where the mother's life is at risk. Ozone shield - a layer of the atmosphere composed of ozone gas (O3) that resides approximately 25 miles above the Earth's surface and absorbs solar ultraviolet radiation that can be harmful to living organisms. Current local time in Papua New Guinea – Lae. The PNG government failed to address abuses by security forces. It allows MPs to hop between parties - leading to tradition of instability and growing urgency … In March, then-Australian Foreign Minister Julie Bishop visited Port Moresby and met with PNG Foreign Minister Rimbink Pato to discuss health and immigration. The discussion of quality issues in Papua New Guinea requires that attention be focused on what is known about the actual quality of the health care provided in Papua New Guinea. DDT (dichloro-diphenyl-trichloro-ethane) - a colorless, odorless insecticide that has toxic effects on most animals; the use of DDT was banned in the US in 1972. PNG continues to have one of the highest rates of maternal death in the Asia-Pacific, and the number of women and girls who give birth in a health facility or with the help of a skilled birth attendant has reduced in the last five years. In May, a fire in Hillside Haus forced the relocation of 120 residents. Asbestos - a naturally occurring soft fibrous mineral commonly used in fireproofing materials and considered to be highly carcinogenic in particulate form. PNG continued to impose the death penalty, although authorities have not carried out any executions since 1954. West Papuan nationalists of the Free Papua Movement (Organisasi Papua Merdeka) have often been in conflict with the Indonesian armed forces. NFA Challenges and Issues Regional purse seine tuna vessel over-capacity and availability of vessel licenses The regional tuna fishery produces nearly half the world's tuna, now has more vessels available to operate than required to harvest the estimated sustainable catch. In June, following a class action settlement, the Australian government paid A$70 million (approximately US$51million) in compensation to asylum seekers and refugees for their illegal detention on Manus Island. China is committing approximately US$4 billion to developing a national road network. The Honourable Malakai Tabar MP discussed the issues and challenges that Papua New Guinea is currently facing in the higher education sector, and the reforms underway. This program trains field epidemiologists—or disease detectives—to identify and contain outbreaks before they become epidemics. Desertification - the spread of desert-like conditions in arid or semi-arid areas, due to overgrazing, loss of agriculturally productive soils, or climate change. Papua New Guinea: health and human well-being It includes five video chapters with related texts to facilitate an enquiry approach to development geography. Papua New Guinea recorded a Current Account surplus of 26.70 percent of the country's Gross Domestic Product in 2018. Chronic problems continued to plague the criminal justice system in PNG, including abuses by police. Defoliants - chemicals which cause plants to lose their leaves artificially; often used in agricultural practices for weed control, and may have detrimental impacts on human and ecosystem health. The following issues are most prevalent in this country. In 2017, the government passed regulations to implement the law, but enforcement remains weak and inconsistent. In July, prison officers shot and killed four men who escaped from Buimo prison in Lae. Papua New Guinea. In July, the Queensland Coroner ruled that the death of Manus detainee and Iranian asylum seeker Hamid Khazaei in September 2014 was preventable and the result of "compounding errors" in health care provided under Australia's offshore immigration detention system. HIV and AIDS. “We and the communities we are working with have now entered into a … Waterborne diseases - those in which bacteria survive in, and are transmitted through, water; always a serious threat in areas with an untreated water supply. Papua is probably derived from the Malay word papuwah ("fuzzy hair"). Contrary to some suggestions, the shortage of foreign exchange is due to imbalances between supply and demand, rather than controls, they say. Guinea, in its turn, is etymologically derived from the Portuguese word Guiné. More information about Papua New Guinea is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here: CIA World Factbook Papua New Guinea Page U.S. Embassy USAID Pacific Islands Page Deforestation - the destruction of vast areas of forest (e.g., unsustainable forestry practices, agricultural and range land clearing, and the over exploitation of wood products for use as fuel) without planting new growth. Papua New Guinea By Stephen Nicholls IWP-Pacific Technical Report (International Waters Project) no. 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