[8][9][10] Global literacy averaged 80%. Unlike most century years, the year 2000 was a leap year, and the second century leap year in the Gregorian calendar after 1600. However, these same wars resulted in the destruction of the imperial system. Widespread use of petroleum in industry—both as a chemical precursor to plastics and as a fuel for the automobile and. It took over two-hundred thousand years of human history up to 1804 for the world's population to reach 1 billion;[7] world population reached an estimated 2 billion in 1927; by late 1999, the global population reached 6 billion, with over half being concentrated in East, South and Southeast Asia. Terrorism, dictatorship, and the spread of nuclear weapons were pressing global issues. Browse our wide selection of Antique Furniture for sale from dealers across the UK.. Click here to view Interior Design Furniture ideas and sold pieces in situ from dealers on Antiques-Atlas. From 1910 women wore hobble skirts. Creating a ‘new’ early 20th century garden. In the history of English education the most important piece of legislation of the twentieth century was the Education Act of 1944, also known as the "Butler Act". He was the first person to patent a traffic signal. Later in the 20th century, the development of computers led to the establishment of a theory of computation. The first modern movie theatre was established in Pittsburgh in 1905. Britain also continued to influence world culture, including the "British Invasion" into American music, leading many rock bands from other countries (such as Swedish ABBA) to sing in English. Animation was also developed in the 1920s, with the first full-length cel animated feature film Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, released in 1937. 20th century liberal reforms. [11] Machines were being utilized in all areas of production, feeding an increasingly intricate national supply chain, meaning for the first time in history, mankind was no longer constrained by how much it could produce, but rather by peoples' willingness to consume. It saw great advances in power generation, communication and medical technology that by the late 1980s allowed for near-instantaneous worldwide computer communication and genetic modification of life. It has many crosswords divided into different worlds and groups. The influence of China and India was also rising, as the world's largest populations were rapidly integrating with the world economy. Some of the worlds are: Planet Earth, Under The Sea, … Fashion in the 20th century went from strict corseted dresses to the “anything goes” attitude of today. Based on research done by climate scientists, the majority of the scientific community consider that in the long term environmental problems may threaten the planet's habitability. The largest contribution to total radiative forcing is caused by the increase in the atmospheric concentration of CO, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFIPCC_AR5_WG12013 (, near-instantaneous worldwide computer communication, International relations of the Great Powers (1814–1919), Soviet Union's involvement in World War II, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus, List of 20th-century American writers by birth year, "The 21st Century and the 3rd Millennium When Did They Begin? The invention of music recording technologies such as the phonograph record, and dissemination technologies such as radio broadcasting, massively expanded the audience for music. The world was still blighted by small-scale wars and other violent conflicts, fueled by competition over resources and by ethnic conflicts. This includes deaths caused by wars, genocide, politicide and mass murders. The 20th century saw the largest transformation of the world order since the Fall of Rome: global total fertility rates, sea level rise and ecological collapses increased; the resulting competition for land and dwindling resources accelerated deforestation, water depletion, and the mass extinction of many of the world's species and decline in the population of others; consequences which are now being dealt with. Western Europe was rebuilt with the aid of the American Marshall Plan, resulting in a major post-war economic boom, and many of the affected nations became close allies of the United States. The 20th century opened with great hope but also with some apprehension, for the new century marked the final approach to a new millennium. From The Waste Land to Ulysses and from Mrs Dalloway to Nineteen Eighty-Four, discover the seminal literary works of the early 20th century. His mobiles eventually became famous worldwide. As many films and much music originate from the United States, American culture spread rapidly over the world. In total, World War II left some 60 million people dead. The 20th (twentieth) century began on January 1, 1901, and ended on December 31, 2000. Scientists, researchers, archaeologists, inventors, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFIPCC_TAR_WG22001 (, "Total radiative forcing is positive, and has led to an uptake of energy by the climate system. Vaccines, hygiene and clean water improved health and decreased mortality rates, especially among infants and the young. The US's global military presence spread American culture around the world with the advent of the Hollywood motion picture industry, Broadway, rock and roll, pop music, fast food, big-box stores, and the hip-hop lifestyle. The technological competition between the two sides led to substantial investment in research and development which produced innovations that reached far beyond the battlefield, such as space exploration and the Internet. "[22] It is estimated that approximately 70 million Europeans died through war, violence and famine between 1914 and 1945.[23]. Workmen's Compensation Act, 1906 Parliamentary Archives, HL/PO/PU/1/1906/6E7c58. Hi, Very interesting website! Theater, films, music and the media had a major influence on fashion and trends in all aspects of life. One of the prominent traits of the 20th century was the dramatic growth of technology. The people of the Indian subcontinent, a sixth of the world population at the end of the 20th century, had attained an indigenous independence for the first time in centuries. In a period of just twenty years it doubled in size. 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